Resolution ECO-SOC – GER, USA, UK, FRA

RESOLUTION

Main submitters: Germany, United States of America, The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, France

Submitters: Albania, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Barbados, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cuba, Denmark, Equador, Estonia, Estonia, Finland, France, India, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Pakistan, Portugal, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Urugway, Bahamas

Topic (ECO-SOC): How to regulate and improve situation of immigrants in the world?

The General Assembly,

  • According to the estimations of United Nations Population Division of Department of Economic and Social Affairs,  over 140 million people migrated to developed regions and over 100 million to developing areas in year 2015, most of whom to Europe and Asia,
  • Taking into consideration International Migration Report 2015, which states that the number of international migrants has continued to grow rapidly over the past fifteen years reaching 244 million in 2015, up from 222 million in 2010 and 173 million in year 2000,
  • Reminding the 1st article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which proclaims “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.” and bearing in mind that respect for human dignity, human rights, fundamental freedom and protection for all migrants should always be granted,
  • Recalling all the previous resolutions on the protection of migrants and what affirmed in the resolution of 19th December 2011 “everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State and the right to leave any country, including his or her own, and to return to his or her country”,

 

  • Keeping in mind the existence of United Nations Population Fund, which partly takes care of increasing awareness of migration issues, advocating for addressing the special concerns of women and other vulnerable migrants, and working to meet the emergency health needs of refugees and internally displaced people,
  • Convinced that many migrants are due to better social assistance in destination countries,
  • Having considered various dangers of open borders,
  • Alarmed by rising numbers of people transferring form underdeveloped areas to “first world” countries,
  • Strongly believing in the necessity of assimilation of migrants into society,
  • Welcoming every solution that might help to regulate flow of migrants between countries to maximize benefits on both sides,
  1. Encourages all Member States to introduce a percentage tax to help increase funding of the UNHCR in order to assure:

a)the access to food and potable water which is a human right,

b)basic, life essential health care,

c)the provision of other basic needs such as clothing and housing;

  1. Proposes to create an organ of UN dedicated to fight with malicious stereotypes, such as “every Muslim is a terrorist” or “every immigrant is a rapist;
  2. Strongly condemns any form of inhuman and degrading treatment inflicted to migrants, as well as any form of discrimination, racism and xenophobia; to prevent them, punishments contemplated for any kind of discrimination and unacceptable racist behavior should be more severe;
  3. Recommends educating societies about the refugees issues with a view to create more liberal and open-minded nations, also by encouraging media to cease inflation of racism and inaccurate information that promotes xenophobia, especially targeting crucial parts of society, such as police corps;
  4. Invites to engage volunteers, who would teach immigrants the native language of a country that they migrate to, explain main elements of a culture of the country of destination and explain that they are only guests and have to tolerate all rules of their new country;
  5. Further proposes the creation of structures specialized in the care of unaccompanied children, with qualified personnel who, to facilitate the integration of the children, should teach them the host country language along their native language, provide medical help and educate them, preparing them to a potential adoption;
  6. Stresses the need for an improved scholar system in refugee camps by:

a)providing teachers as well as teacher educational programs in refugee camps,

b)constructing school infrastructure,

c)supplying teaching materials;

  1. Encourages organizing obligatory trainings in:

a)financial education,

b)legal education,

c)vocational education;

  1. Has resolved to improve already existing First Help Centers, to grant a redirection of the migrants – especially the ones who have already got qualifications – towards a country which can offer jobs, allowing their effective integration in society;
  2. Aims to solve the problem at its roots with the help of developed states, to improve the economy of less-developed countries, so that they can become more autonomous and consequently limiting the emigration of their citizens, with:

a)the creation of adequate educational, healthcare and welfare systems, also with the support of UN agencies,

b)the financial support of individual donors, governments, NGOs and other agencies,

c)the supply of food and medicine also with the help of FAO and WHO,

d)in extreme cases such as war, the countries should have an option of reducing the range of resources directed to the camps;

  1. Suggests a closer economical support of countries with a very high influx and output of immigrants in order to help them carry the burden;
  2. Calls upon developed countries to invest in working places in developing and underdeveloped member states;
  3. Seeks for more resettlement places and calls for enhancing integration capacity in resettlement countries;
  4. Recommends to set up refugee camps in the states adjacent to conflict zones generating refugees in order to facilitate:

a)the accessibility of the camps for refugees,

b)the assimilation of refugees as they will be staying in a similar cultural area as their       own,

c)the possible resettlement of refugees after a conflict has been solved;

  1. Further encourages collaboration between countries, especially EU member states, to redistribute the increasing numbers of migrants and refugees;
  2. Exorts developing operations which ensure safe transit of refugees to refugee camps, such as operation “Mare Nostrum” which ensured safe peregrination of refugees across the sea;
  3. Endorses increasing the number of security guards in refugee camps and on the borders due to the high risk of organised crime developing in overpopulated camps;
  4. Expresses its concern about the situation of vulnerable migrants, such as children and women who are victims of human trafficking and exploitation, paying particular attention to sexual slavery and forced labour;
  5. Introduces the Job Center for immigrants, where every immigrant will get registered, so that there will be no one with unemployment benefit;
  6. Deplores all member states a temporary work permit with international validity, to allow them to have an employment, avoiding their maintenance to depend exclusively on the host state;
  7. Emphasises the importance of international cooperation to help migrants find an employment in other states in case they don’t find it in host state;
  8. Expresses its hope to create information points providing intel on disposability of member states and their openness on immigrants;
  9. Encourages unification registering system of immigrants;
  10. Calls upon the UN system and other IOs to strenghten their cooperation in the development of methodologies for the collection and processing of statistical data on international migration and the situation of migrantsin countries of origin, transit and destination and o assist member states in this regard;
  11. Urges to take actions against immigrants refusing to be registered, such as transfering them back to country of origin;
  12. Suggests revaluation of free movement of people within EU in the light of recent events,
  13. Ephasises the need to consider the acts of violence making by immigrants against citizens as a crime and as such punishable by law,
  14. Supports the idea of more severe punishments for “hate crime”,
  15. Calls to provide an effective safety network for all people suffering from the violence made by the migration problems,

 

 

  1. Endorses different types of landing permissions, such as:

a)non-working,

b)student,

c)long-term working,

d)short-term working,

e)spouses and children,

f)long-term residency;

  1. Supports strict penalties for employment of aliens without permission to work.

Archiwa