Resolution PC- RU, USA, SA

POLITICAL COMMITTEE

MAIN SUBMITTERS: RUSSIAN FED., USA, SAUDI ARABIA

Co-submitters: Albania, Australia, Canada, China, Egypt,

Germany, India, Italy, Kazakhstan, N. Korea, Romania, Slovakia,

Spain, Syria, UK;

Topic:  The conflicts of the bordering countries and their influence on

international situation. How to regulate such cases taking place in the world?

 

 

 

 

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  1. Alarmed by the problem of conflicts of the bordering countries,
  2. Further referring to Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions which in:
    1. 35 bans weapons that “cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering,” as well as means of warfare that “cause widespread, long-term, and severe damage to the natural environment”,
    2. 51 and 54 outlaw indiscriminate attacks on civilian populations, and destruction of food, water, and other materials needed for survival,
    3. 85 states that it is a war crime to use one of the protective emblems recognized by the Geneva Conventions to deceive the opposing forces,
  3. Deeply disturbed by even individual acts of infracting the international laws listed above,
  4. Bearing in mind the importance of the Charter of UN, signed by all members and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (especially Art. 2 and Art. 14),
  5. Reminding of Art. 1 of the Montevideo Convention of the Rights and Duties of States which says: “The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications:

a permanent population;

  1. a defined territory;
  2. government;
  3. capacity to enter into relations with the other states.”,
  1. Regarding of Art. 20(2) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that says: “No one may be compelled to belong to an association”,
  2. Guided by need for respect for Human Rights as a warranty of public order,
  3. Alarmed by the number of civilians affected by the ongoing conflicts, which contribute to massive increase of illegal immigrants,
  4. Noting that military expenses of missions UNEF I and UNEF II reached more than 650 million dollars,
  5. Recognizing wars as a causes of economic and social problems having an internal impact on particular countries involved in those conflicts,
  6. Declaring the will of cooperation in improving the situation between bordering countries, which have influence on the international arena,
  7. Underlining the overriding moral, political and humanitarian imperatives, as well as the economic advantages of preventing the outbreak, continuation, escalation or relapse into conflict,
  8. Deeply concerned by the high human cost and suffering caused by armed conflicts, as well as the material and economic costs to the countries directly affected, the wider region and international community, including through the inclusive rebuilding of states and societies in the aftermath of armed conflict, and recognizing that peace, security and development are mutually reinforcing, including in the prevention of armed conflict,
  9. Underlining the need for all member states to act cooperatively in order to prevent countries with occupied territories from constraints, mayhem and being on one’s own,

 

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  1. Accepts interference of UN member states in the disputed areas encompassed by armed conflicts,
  2. Calls Upon inception of new UN Body, ( fully operational under Security Council supervision, with rights to autonomously undertake decisions; further invited in point no. 2), committed towards analyzing, planning, operating and dispatching UN Peacekeeping missions, further rebranded and transformed into UNAF (United Nations Army Forces). As for the idea, UNAF stands for united world army, operating only upon the unanimous decision of 2/3 of member states positive votes based on democratic voting standards. UNAF is going to operate only on the member states’ territories or international waters or aerospace.
    UNAF very existence is believed to be essential to solve any worldwide conflicts, incl. bordering countries’ conflicts by bringing status quo to the region by its apolitical and military nature.
    Thus, in order to successfully maintain UNAF project, in the terms of political recognition, financial security and troops and military equipment supply, every single UN state should be obliged to:
  3. A) Officially recognize UNAF as an organization on behalf of UN, thus on the behalf of World Government, (of which the member state is a part, respectively represented by a right to vote, comment, ; according to current democratic standards), hence to be always in favor of UNAF decisions, consequently providing every help needed (in the non-military and non-financial terms) during UNAF operations on Member state’s territory,
  4. B) Financially support the UNAF by providing minimum amount of 2% annual military spending , however not less than 30% of UN median,
  5. C) Militarily supply the UNAF by:

(i) Providing minimum amount of 5% active military troops, however not more than 20.000, due to the prerequisite of diversity in order to minimize the acts of xenophobic, nationalistic and potentially politically- and historically-based inside conflicts,

(ii) Voluntarily provide any military equipment (incl. non-armed vehicles, tools, medical tools, etc.),

(iii) Voluntarily provide non-military staff (incl. office workers, medical support, transportation support, etc.),

Moreover UNAF is entitled to:
D) Undertake actions including:
(i) Provide humanitarian aid,

(ii) Taking any kind of military action when the human rights are reportedly violated by an entity (country, self-proclaimed country, military guerillas, terrorist group, etc.);

Finally, UN will:
E) implement and practice the punishments towards those who do not accept UNAF peaceful interventions;

  1. Demands agreement on granting UNAF rights to autonomously undertake decisions regarding:

– Financial management,
– Troops, non military staff and military and non-military equipment management,
– Undertaking military actions, military combats and other actions involving support of armed troops,
– Statuses of various conflicts worldwide,
– Dealing with all aspects of staff management incl. (Punishing disobedience, degradation, promotion, recognition of military merits, etc.);

 

  1. Respects every internationally recognised country’s will to fight for its sovereignty and territorial integrity;
  2. Encourages to normalise war laws and treaties (especially accepting all three Protocols of Geneva Conventions) in UN countries;
  3. 6. Acknowledges the important role the following can play in contributing to the prevention of the outbreak, escalation, continuation and recurrence of conflict;

– United Nations regional offices;
– Special Political Missions;
– Peacekeeping operations;
– The Peacebuilding Commission;

  1. Acknowledges that the sanctions imposed under relevant provisions of the charts of the United Nations are a critically important tool in the mainterance and restoration of international peace as well as security and will contribute to create conditions conductive to the peaceful resolution of situations that can threaten or breach international peace and security, like the interference of rogue states and terrorist oethods which need to be prevented by:
  2. A) Blocking all financial flows which sustain them (Illicit trade raw materials, drugs and financial speculations),
  3. B) Breaking the provision of weapons and harmful equipment from the countries that produce them;
  4. Approves peaceful tools preventing conflicts, including: negotiation, enquiry, mediation, arbitration and judicial settlement, or other peaceful means of their own choice;
  5. Draws the attention to the very definition of a country which is “a nation with its own government, occupying a particular territory”, meaning that a certain nation has all the rights to defend its territory and territorial borders by any means possible against any particular or not specified enemy or possibly hostile incomer. Thus UN endorses certain cases e.g. building walls or other physical barriers, patrolling member’s own borders with armed or unarmed guards or even acts of violence as long as they are perpetrated on friendly territory and are crucial to sustain domestic security, as utterly legit;
  6. 10. Calls upon using identification symbols by armed forces during conflicts involving several countries,
  7. Denounces all UN Member States which are not willing to bring change for the better, regarding their citizens, of acting against their nation, that is against part of humanity;
  8. Supports educating people all over the world on the massive amount of damage caused by the numerous conflicts and how it affects their everyday life;
  9. Decides that training and use of UUAVs (Unarmed Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) is the best option to monitor ongoing conflicts between bordering countries, in order to partially substitute UNAF and minimize both civilian and military casualties;

Archiwa