Resolution HR- USA, UK, IND

Resolution of Human Rights Committee

Topic: “No means no”. What measure can be taken by United Nations to reduce the number of the crimes such as acts of sexual harassment taking place in India?

 

Main submitters: United States of America, United Kingdom, India

Submitters: France, Austria, Portugal, Belgium, Brazil, Netherlands, Cuba, Switzerland, Germany, Barbados, Denmark, Estonia, Nepal, Latvia, Bulgaria Norway, Australia, Albania, Argentina, Romania, Colombia, Mexico, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Bahamas, Luxemburg, Ecuador, Hungary, Croatia, Spain, Ireland, Italy

 

PREAMBULATORY CLAUSES:

  • Observing the rising percentage of women’s participation in political life
  • Bearing in mind the meaning of „rape” and “sexual harassment”
  • Taking into consideration public protests and manifests against sexual assaults
  • Realizing of numbers of non judgment harassments
  • Deeply concerned about commonness of rapes all over the world
  • Desiring improve life conditions of endangered women, men, children etc.

 

 

Operative Clauses:

 

  1. Recognizes that sexual violence persists in every in the world as a pervasive violation of the human rights and a major impediment to achieving gender equality, development and peace and therefore urges the States to ensure an appropriate budget funded by the governments for actions being taken in order to combat sexual violence;

 

  1. Emphasizes the need to educate people by:
  2. Encouraging all Member States to add obligatory sexuality education to their educational system, where students could learn: how to prevent sexual abuse and how to stand up for the abused ones; how to express their needs; what to do and where to go if they are being sexually abused,
  3. Education, as the ultimate panacea and discipline involving understanding gender, definitions and meaning of sexuality, appropriate and inappropriate behavior in order to raise the needed awareness of importance to help victims instead of stigmatizing them,
  4. Setting up courses for immigrants to rise their awareness about customs of state where they had migrated. Courses should include immigrants whose stay in state longer than 6 months,
  5. Empowering particularly women from poor countries by guaranteeing them full and equal access to all levels of quality education in order to reduce their vulnerability to violence,
  6. Organizing a competition in which students create productions such as films and posters in order to raise awareness on the issue of sexual violence and to carry out the mentioned in the context of school education,
  7. Creating mass media campaigns that will rise people’s awareness; as furthermore organizing seminars and speaking events that focus on issues such as sexual violence against human beings,
  8. Encouraging the presence of someone who is knowledgeable and experienced (teacher, employer etc.) on sexual harassment as an issue and being able to orient others,
  9. Introducing obligatory self-defense lessons which will be integrated in the Physical Education of schools, implemented from the first year of school education

 

  1. Calls upon every Member State to create special units called “Sexual Assault Defenses” divided in sub-units:
  2. Social workers systematically collecting data about violence against women and men and analyzing it in order to identify state-specific problem areas in terms of sexual violence and to arrange the organization of the “Sexual Assault Defenses” in the most efficient way,
  3. Psychologists of both sex working in police stations, who will receive reports about sexual harassment and support the victims,
  4. IT experts that will monitor public activity on the Internet in order to prevent sexual harassment and track down those, who have already committed these kind of crimes,
  5. Counselors that will react to any suspicious behavior or signs of a child showing any kind of inappropriate situations at home,
  6. Undercover police officers patrolling streets and public areas where the risk of sexual harassment is high to improve the safety of public environment,

 

 

  1. Recommends all Member States to implement a law system which will:
  2. Make marital rape and same sex violence including sexual one illegal,
  3. Allow punishment of official bodies like police and public figures that do not react properly and effectively to reported sex offences,
  4. Make stigmatization of sexual violence victims a crime,
  5. Obligate every perpetrator of sexual crime to participate in a rehabilitation program in order to minimize the chance of them repeating sexual crimes,
  6. Recommends to make international law to make receiving money and paying for sexual services illegal,
  7. Treat witnesses of a sexual crime proved to have had opportunity to help the victim, but did not as guilty and therefore punished,

 

5.Urges tightening the criminal law of each United Nations Member State by increasing punishments called for any acts of sexual abuse:

  1. Witnesses that did not react to sexual crime committed in their presence should be punished with hours of social work and financial penalty dependable on their financial status,
  2. Requests tightening up punishments for sexual assault, including the most severe sentence existing in Member State for brutal rape,
  3. Suggesting the minimum period of imprisonment for committing rape to be set to 10 years without the right to be discharged
  4. Encourages considering the option of sterilization of criminals who have been undoubtedly proved to have committed multiple rapes in countries where death penalty is illegal,
  5. Dismiss public figures like police officers, prison guards, judges, and so on from the occupation with no possibility of coming back to service; Charge them with financial penalty,

 

  1. Calls upon creating UN SAVHO (United Nations’ Sexual Assault Victims’ Help Organization) that will provide necessary help for sexual assault victims in order to:
  2. Encourage charging their offenders and protect victims from further harassment and victim blaming,
  3. Provide safe places for the victims so that they can remain unharmed,
  4. Offer free mental support – constant emotional health care provided by psychologists,
  5. Educate adults to defend themselves by creating camps where self-defense courses will be provided and founded,

 

  1. Emphasizes the importance of help assured to victims:
  2. Specialist consultations after the act (gynecologist)
  3. Strong cooperation between police and specialist
  4. Using medical treatment which provides casualty of their safety (abortion pills, anti venereal diseases pills)

 

  1. Encourages also to take up an Action For Business and to this end:
  2. To old mandatory gender awareness workshops for all employees in their company,
  3. To implement a zero-tolerance policy towards gender discrimination and harassment in their workplace,
  4. To ask staff to nominate a women’s representative for theirs employees, too,
  5. To support women in leading positions in terms of politics and economy,

 

  1. Requests a strong condemnation at all levels of those countries in which harmful practices like early-forced marriage, marital rape, incest, gang rape, female and male genital mutilation and all the other actions disrespectful of the women’s and men’s dignity are still perpetrated.

Archiwa